Lesson 4 Tongue-surface Sounds: j, q and x

When they are pronounced, the front tongue surface should approach the front hard palate. The tongue tip should slightly touches the lower teeth.

 

Chinese Ping Ying

Consonant

Description

Similar English Sound

For Reference

 

J

 

 

q

Mouth:

It opens naturally.

Tongue:

The tongue raises and touches the hard palate. The breath squeezes out.

Lips:

They are open.

Similar to the “j” in jeep.

(unaspirated)

 

 

 Similar to the “ch” in cheap.

 

Chinese Ping Ying

Consonant

Description

Similar English Sound

For Reference

 

 

 x

Mouth:

It opens naturally.

Tongue:

The tongue very close to the front hard palate. The breath squeezes out

Lips:

They are slightly open.

Similar to the “sh” in sheep. But lips are spread on both sides.